Protection Risk: Presence of Mine and Other Explosive Ordnance

This risk refers to the level of social, economic and environmental impact on communities and affected populations resulting from the harm or exposure to harm caused by Explosive Ordnance (EO) hazards and hazardous areas. This includes mines, cluster munitions, unexploded ordnance, abandoned ordnance, booby traps, improvised explosive devices and other devices (as defined by the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons: Amended Protocol II). They are inevitably found during and after armed conflicts and, when activated, they can incapacitate, injure or kill one or more persons, as well as prevent them from accessing resources, livelihood and opportunities due to fear of presence of explosive ordnance.