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Field Operation


Myanmar has been grappling challenges to social cohesion that have surfaced openly and violently since the military takeover in February 2021. Along with armed conflict, violence against and displacement of ethnic minorities, the combination of economic instability, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is contributing to a rapid and an alarming erosion of human rights. Steep price hikes are pushing more and more families into poverty and making them food insecure. Myanmar is also prone to climate-induced disasters such as flooding, rendering the population as particularly vulnerable.

Record numbers of people are currently in need of assistance—which currently stands at 14.4 million people.

Rule of law and institutions protecting it are weakening over time. Civil disobedience and peaceful protests are increasingly met with violent crackdowns and arrests. Stateless Rohingya people in Rakhine and internally displaced persons continue to face significant challenges in securing civil documentation thus becoming invisible and are left on their own.


Protection Issues

Since the military takeover, although instances of violent conflict have decreased, incessant violation of human rights and international humanitarian law continue to take place. Civilians often find themselves as targets: killed, abducted, raped, illegally detained, among other violations. Their critical infrastructures are destroyed. The poorer sections of the population are bearing the brunt of the conflict as they simultaneously also grapple with surviving the lack of food and rising prices. Internally displaced persons are experiencing a massive space crunch in shelter sites. The active conflict environment still prevents protection and humanitarian actors to impact effective change. Documentation continues to be a major concern—leaving scores of people out from accessing services like healthcare and education. The overall worsening protection situation have put women and girls at grave danger of sexual and gender-based violence.

  • Presence of mines and other explosive ordnance
  • Attacks on civilians and other unlawful killings, attacks on civilian infrastructures
  • Abduction, kidnapping, forced disappearance, arbitrary or unlawful arrest and/or detention
  • Discrimination and stigmatization, denial of resources, opportunities, services
  • Forced family and child separation
  • Forced recruitment, including recruitment of children in armed forces and groups
  • Impediments and/or restrictions to access to documentation, remedies and justice
  • Impediments or restrictions to freedom of movement, siege and forced displacement
  • Misinformation and denial of access to information
  • Psychological/emotional abuse or inflicted distress
  • Sexual and gender-based violence
  • Theft, extortion, eviction or destruction of personal property
  • Child, early or forced marriage
  • Forced labour, slavery, trafficking in persons
  • Torture or inhuman, cruel degrading treatment
People in Need 2022
People Targeted 2022
Funding Requirements (US$)
Funded 2022

Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Somalia was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Mine Action (MA) Area of Responsibility (AoR) and a Housing, Land, and Property Area of Responisbility (HLP AoR). The Protection Cluster is lead and coordinated by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

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