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Field Operation


Since 2018, political competition over power, land and other resources, exposed deeper ethnic and regional rivalries in Ethiopia. The relations of the central Government and self-administered regions are strained, ethnic groups and regional powers are striving for more control at the national level ethnic groups living in regions dominated by an ethnic majority live with deep grievances. These tensions surface as violence, exacerbation of existing conflicts and even as a full-fledged internal war, as is the case in the northern region. The effects of conflict and inter-communal violence are further exacerbated by climate shocks, including erratic rainfall and devastating droughts, affecting the livelihoods of people. The active conflict setting has also restricted the movement of humanitarian and protection actors to access vulnerable communities and offer relief and services.


Protection Issues

Civilians are caught in between the violent crossfires occurring frequently between government-led forced and armed factions. As a result of this, they are either direct victims, or are impacted indirectly through the loss of loved ones, homes and necessary infrastructures. In pockets or moments of peace, people are also experiencing the impact of drought consistently—with many families being pushed into poverty, with rates of food insecurity and malnutrition rates as high. Women, girls and children are particularly vulnerable. The priority protection risks identified in Ethiopia include:

  • Attacks on civilians and other unlawful killings, attacks on civilian infrastructures
  • Impediments and/or restrictions to freedom of movement, siege and forced displacement
  • Torture or inhuman, cruel, degrading treatment
  • Sexual and gender-based violence
  • Psychological/emotional abuse or inflicted distress
  • Presence of mines and other explosive ordnance
  • Abduction, kidnapping, forced disappearance, arbitrary or unlawful arrest and/or detention
  • Theft, extortion, eviction or destruction of personal property
  • Impediments and/or restrictions to access to documentation, remedies and justice
  • Forced family and child separation
  • Discrimination and stigmatization, denial of resources, opportunities, services
  • Child, early or forced marriage
  • Misinformation and denial of access to information
  • Forced recruitment, including recruitment of children in armed forces and groups
  • Forced labour, slavery, trafficking in persons
People in Need 2022
People Targeted 2022
Funding Requirements (US$)
Funded 2022

Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Ethiopia was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), and a Housing, Land, and Property Area of Responsibility (HLP AoR). The Protection Cluster is lead and coordinated by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the Danish Refugee Council (DRC).

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Advocacy Messages

Protection Cluster Team

Matho Nianga Dore

Cluster Coordinator

Samira Bavand


Ally Hamud Said

Information Management Office

Latest Publications