GPC Operations Cell: gpc[at]unhcr.org
Gender-Based Violence: chase[at]unfpa.org
Child Protection: rpouwels[at]unicef.org
Housing, Land and Property: jim.robinson[at]nrc.no
Mine Action: unmasgeneva[at]un.org
Since 2018, political competition over power, land and other resources, exposed deeper ethnic and regional rivalries in Ethiopia. The relations of the central Government and self-administered regions are strained, ethnic groups and regional powers are striving for more control at the national level ethnic groups living in regions dominated by an ethnic majority live with deep grievances. These tensions surface as violence, exacerbation of existing conflicts and even as a full-fledged internal war, as is the case in the northern region. The effects of conflict and inter-communal violence are further exacerbated by climate shocks, including erratic rainfall and devastating droughts, affecting the livelihoods of people. The active conflict setting has also restricted the movement of humanitarian and protection actors to access vulnerable communities and offer relief and services.
Civilians are caught in between the violent crossfires occurring frequently between government-led forced and armed factions. As a result of this, they are either direct victims, or are impacted indirectly through the loss of loved ones, homes and necessary infrastructures. In pockets or moments of peace, people are also experiencing the impact of drought consistently—with many families being pushed into poverty, with rates of food insecurity and malnutrition rates as high. Women, girls and children are particularly vulnerable. The priority protection risks identified in Ethiopia include:
The Protection Cluster in Ethiopia was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), and a Housing, Land, and Property Area of Responsibility (HLP AoR). The Protection Cluster is lead and coordinated by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the Danish Refugee Council (DRC).