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Protection Cluster Presence

Active Emergencies

Conflict and violations of human rights remain the single biggest driver of protection challenges today. In 2022, 151 million people are in need of protection. This is a major increase from 113 million in 2021. It is largely driven by the worsening situation in Ukraine, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Myanmar and Sudan as well as chronic high levels of needs in Yemen, Syria and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Over the world, armed conflict continues to be characterized by high levels of civilian deaths, injury, displacement, psychological trauma and sexual violence. Alongside such widespread protection risks, we also know that particular groups shoulder disproportionate burdens – children living through conflict for instance are at risk of being separated from their families, recruited into armed groups and denied an education. Women and girls are particularly affected by gender-based violence, described as being among top concerns across cluster operations. 


Severity Minor Stressed Moderate Severe Extreme N/A
Gender-based violence 0 0 2 20 6 0
Impediments or restrictions to freedom of movement, siege and forced displacement 1 1 5 17 3 1
Psychological/emotional abuse or inflicted distress 0 1 9 14 4 0
Attacks on civilians and other unlawful killings, attacks on civilian infrastructures 2 3 3 14 5 0
Theft, extortion, eviction or destruction of personal property 1 3 10 12 1 1
Abduction, kidnapping, forced disappearance, arbitrary or unlawful arrest and/or detention 0 4 7 10 3 1
Impediments and/or restrictions to access to documentation, remedies and justice 1 4 9 10 3 1
Discrimination and stigmatization, denial of resources, opportunities, services 0 4 14 9 0 1
Presence of mines and other explosive ordnance 4 2 9 9 3 1
Child, early or forced marriage 1 14 14 8 1 0
Forced recruitment, including recruitment of children in armed forces and groups 12 4 12 8 1 1
Forced family and child separation 0 5 16 5 1 1
Forced labour, slavery, trafficking in persons 3 10 8 5 1 1
Misinformation and denial of access to information 4 11 7 4 1 1
Torture or inhuman, cruel, degrading treatment 6 4 10 4 2 2

Crisis Watch


Haiti is facing an unprecedented humanitarian, protection and security crisis of alarming proportions. In addition to continuous armed gang violence, a six week-long movement of mass protests, acts of civil unrest, roadblocks and lack of fuel have brought the country to the brink of collapse. In September, at least 191 people were killed and injured due to violence during protests, while more than 37 were the result of gang violence. The situation is having particularly harmful effects on vulnerable groups including pregnant women and new-born babies, detainees and marginalized communities.


Burkina Faso continues to face a humanitarian crisis, with nearly one-fifth of the population in need of aid. 1.7 million people have been displaced as a consequence of the increasing insecurity in the country. Nearly twoquarters of the displaced people are children. On September 30, Burkina Faso military leader President Paul-Henri Damiba was deposed in the country’s second coup in a year. According to the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED), attacks by armed groups increased by 23 percent in the five months after former leader Damiba took over.


A fourth consecutive failed rainy season has pushed parts of Somalia to the brink of famine. Throughout 2022, severe drought, conflict, climatic shocks, and forced evictions have had a cumulative devastating humanitarian impact across the country and represented major drivers of displacement that have exacerbated an already complex and protracted humanitarian crisis. In response to this critical situation, a national IASC ScaleUp for the famine prevention and drought response has been activated as of August 2022.


The situation in Myanmar continues to deteriorate, with further displacement, serious protection risks and rising humanitarian needs. 14.4 million people, representing one quarter of the population, are estimated to be in humanitarian need across the country. An estimated 33,000 children could die as they have not received routine vaccinations. Serious human rights and international humanitarian law violations, including attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure, are widespread with reports of villages and homes being burnt, extrajudicial killings and the shelling of civilian infrastructure, including schools.