GPC Operations Cell: gpc[at]unhcr.org
Gender-Based Violence: chase[at]unfpa.org
Child Protection: rpouwels[at]unicef.org
Housing, Land and Property: jim.robinson[at]nrc.no
Mine Action: unmasgeneva[at]un.org
Over the course of 2021, the security situation in Mozambique, especially in the northern region, has been deteriorating rapidly. It is estimated that at least 1.5 million people in northern Mozambique will require humanitarian and protection assistance owing to the deepening armed conflict and violence in the Cabo Delgado Province. Mozambique also experiences erratic rainfall causing drought and flooding and destructive cyclones. The armed conflict heightens experiences of climate shocks and food insecurity and malnutrition. Essential services are heavily compromised by the increasing violence and civilians are left to their own means. Although protection risks remain high the capacities of individuals and local agencies to encounter these risks remain limited.
The armed conflict in northern Mozambique displaced 20,339 people just between 2nd and 16th June, 2022. Horrific violence against civilians, especially violence inflicted on women and girls, risks for people with disabilities and older persons are frequently reported. Simultaneously, civilians also experience destructive impact of climate disasters. The passage of Tropical Cyclone Gombe caused massive destruction to houses, tents and emergency shelters and displaced close to 24,000 people between March 11 and 15. The country has also been steeped in poverty and is one of the most underdeveloped countries of the world. Several people find themselves as food insecure and malnutrition rates are extremely high thus exacerbating protection risks.
The Protection Cluster in Mozambique was activated in 2019 to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), and the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR). The Protection Cluster is lead and coordinated by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).