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Field Operation

Sudan

There is grave political instability in Sudan. Since January 2022, civilians have been protesting and engaging in civil disobedience as a response to the end of civilian rule and the resignation of Sudan’s Prime Minister. Arbitrary arrests, detention of civilians and activists, violence against civilians continue with impunity as State institutions and law enforcement entities have severe capacity constraints. The deteriorating security situation interrupts access to markets and income-earning opportunities. Higher prices, supply shortages of basic goods such as medicine, wheat, fuel and agricultural inputs are drastically deepening the population’s overall vulnerability. Displacement rates are high in the country and internally-displaced persons are at increased risks within shelter camps, often forcing them into second-displacement as well. Protection and humanitarian actors often find it difficult to reach certain locations due to the proliferation of arms and constant threats of violence.

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Sudan

Protection Issues

Sudan’s incomplete and fragmented political transition happened simultaneously with the departure of UN aid agencies. The general political vacuum has since been filled with lawlessness, armed conflict, criminal activity and gross human rights violations. West and North Darfar are the hotspots of the crisis in Sudan, the levels of violence unseen since the mid-2000s. New areas, such as South Kordofan and Blue Nile States, are also witnessed rising levels of violence. Access to justice and government social protection remain weak and shelter sites for internally displaced persons are dangerously close to areas of violence.

  • Attacks on civilians and other unlawful killings, attacks on civilian infrastructures
  • Psychological/emotional abuse or inflicted distress
  • Impediments or restrictions to freedom of movement, siege and forced displacement
  • Impediments and/or restrictions to access to documentation, remedies and justice
  • Abductions, kidnapping, forced disappearance, arbitrary or unlawful arrest and/or detention
  • Theft, extortion, eviction or destruction of personal property
  • Sexual and gender-based violence
  • Forced family and child separation
  • Child, early or forced marriage
  • Presence of mines and other explosive ordnance
4.50M
People in Need 2022
8.00M
People Targeted 2022
161.92M
Funding Requirements (US$)
26.96M
Funded 2022
Sudan

Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Sudan was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Mine Action (MA) Area of Responsibility (AoR) and a Housing, Land, and Property Area of Responisbility (HLP AoR). The Protection Cluster is led and co-coordinated by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). 

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Advocacy Messages
  1. Immediate stepping-up of efforts by regional and national authorities and the law enforcement to prevent and investigate the upsurging security incidents, crimes, and human rights abuses, including gender-based violence, is essential to de-escalate intercommunal tensions, prevent displacement and control the security situations by bringing perpetrators to justice ensuring law and order.
  2. Safeguarding the civilian character of the IDP camps, villages of displacement and return is essential. 

Protection Cluster Team

Aziz Rahjo

Senior Protection Cluster Coordinator
UNHCR
Mail: rahjo@unhcr.org

Andrea Groves

Protection Cluster Coordination Officer
UNHCR
Mail: groves@unhcr.org

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