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Field Operation


Insurgency attacks in Somalia remains a critical security concern. The Islamic insurgency group, Al-Shabab, government forces, inter-clan, troops from the African Union Mission and other foreign forces, frequently engage in violent clashes. All parties to the conflict are contributing to an extremely volatile environment where civilians are the innocent victims with their basic human rights compromised. The prolonged conflict has left little room for the functioning of rule of law—civilians have little to no recourse to justice mechanisms and basic access to humanitarian and protection services. Somalia is also at the brink of famine—three consecutive rainy seasons have failed.


Protection Issues

Armed conflict, climate shocks and disasters such as sudden flooding and droughts, have uprooted thousands of Somalians from their homes. Rates of internal displacement owing to armed conflict and climate change remain high—with over 540,000 people displaced by conflict and over 245,000 people displaced due to climate change in 2021. The continuing armed conflict affect daily lives of civilians—frequent incidents of forced evictions, weapon contamination and direct attacks on civilians, including sexual and gender-based violence, child recruitments, and attacks on basic civilian infrastructures, such as schools, medical facilities and water supply stations. Violations of rights continue with grave impunity— judicial and law enforcement institutions are extremely weak. Malnutrition rates and poverty in Somalia remain exceptionally high. At the same time, due to the ongoing conflict, access by and access to humanitarian and protection sectors remain low.

  • Child, early or forced marriage
  • Discrimination and stigmatization, denial of resources, opportunities, services
  • Forced family and child separation
  • Forced labour, slavery, trafficking in persons
  • Forced recruitment, including recruitment of children in armed forces and groups
  • Impediments and/or restrictions to access to documentation, remedies and justice
  • Impediments or restrictions to freedom of movement, siege and forced displacement
  • Presence of mines and other explosive ordnance
  • Psychological/emotional abuse or inflicted distress
  • Sexual and gender-based violence
  • Theft, extortion, eviction or destruction of personal property
  • Attacks on civilians and other unlawful killings, attacks on civilian infrastructures
  • Abduction, kidnapping, forced disappearance, arbitrary or unlawful arrest and/or detention
  • Misinformation and denial of access to information
  • Torture or inhuman, cruel degrading treatment
People in Need 2022
People Targeted 2022
Funding Requirements (US$)
Funded 2022

Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Somalia was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. The Protection Cluster comprises over 140 organizations (of which 70% are national NGOs) and four Areas of Responsibility, including: Child Protection, Gender Based Violence, Explosive Hazards and Housing, Land and Property. The Protection Cluster is led and coordinated by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the Danish Refugee Council (DRC). 


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Advocacy Messages
  1. Securing the rights of people affected by the humanitarian crisis in Somalia are respected and promoted through effective and collaborative protection monitoring services in order to generate evidence for advocacy, programming, and efficient response to needs.
  2. Ensuring fair and equal access to inclusive multi-sectoral responses that provide full and non-discriminatory access to essential service. 
  3. Reducing indiscriminate attacks on civilians and civilian assets by the parties to the armed conflict by engaging with armed actors and strengthening community-based protection mechanisms.

Protection Cluster Team

Yousef Daradkeh

Protection Cluster Coordinator

Lidwien Wijchers

Protection Cluster Co-Coordinator

Latest Publications

Displaying 1 - 3 of 3 Publications