Protection Risk: Torture or Cruel, Inhuman, Degrading Treatment or Punishment

This risk illustrates acts of torture by which any intentionally severe pain or suffering is inflicted on a person, whether physical or mental, for such purposes such as: a) obtaining personal information or a confession, b) punishing an act the person has committed or is suspected of having committed, c) intimidating or coercing him/her; d) any reason based on discrimination of any kind by a public official, either directly or indirectly, or non-State actors (e.g. personnel in detention facilities or de facto authorities). It also includes, as well, any other act of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment. These acts may be targeting a person in relation to a third person. These acts and may include beatings or blunt trauma, shaking, suspension in painful positions, stabbing, puncture wounds, amputation, nails removal of nails, burns, hot fluids, acid, forced ingestion, injections, electric shocks, asphyxiation, death threats, mock executions, witness torture of another person, sleep deprivation, overcrowding, solitary confinement, withholding of food or water, sensory deprivation, exposure to extreme light or sound, use of animals, positional torture, rape, sexual assault, or force nudity.