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Field Operation

Afghanistan

The people of Afghanistan are facing a humanitarian, human rights and protection crisis. The numbers are overwhelming: 97% of Afghans could potentially plunge into poverty by mid-20221 and half the country’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance. Massive economic contraction along with crisis in banking and financial system, severe drought and rising food prices, has meant people have resorted increasingly to negative coping strategies. Despite the significant decrease in the overall level of conflict and number of civilian casualties following the changes in the political environment since 15 August 2021, threats to the civilian population in Afghanistan persist including the killing and injury of civilians, high levels of explosive ordnance contamination, forced displacement, gender-based violence and violations against children. Some 9.2 million IDPs and returnees remain in some form of displacement and in need of support to return where possible.

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Afghanistan

Protection Issues

The humanitarian crisis facing the country continues on multiple fronts with protection threats deepening for many parts of the population, driven by political and conflict dynamics as well as the increasingly dire economic situation. Lethal attacks and targeted abuses against civilians are a pressing reality as is the dramatic increase in the use of negative coping mechanisms, with particular impacts on the rights and wellbeing of children and adolescent girls. These factors are driving increasingly severe protection risks faced by communities across the country.

  • Sexual and gender-based violence
  • Abduction, kidnapping, forced disappearance, arbitrary or unlawful arrest and/or detention
  • Child, early or forced marriage
  • Discrimination and stigmatization, denial of resources, opportunities, services
  • Impediments and/or restrictions to access to documentation, remedies and justice
  • Impediments or restrictions to freedom of movement, siege and forced displacement
  • Presence of mines and other explosive ordnance
  • Theft, extortion, eviction or destruction of personal property
  • Forced family and child separation
  • Misinformation and denial of access to information
  • Psychological/emotional abuse or inflicted distress
  • Attacks on civilians and other unlawful killings, attacks on civilian infrastructures
  • Forced labour, slavery, trafficking in persons
  • Forced recruitment, including recruitment of children in armed forces and groups
16.16M
People in Need 2022
9.79M
People Targeted 2022
137.05M
Funding Requirements (US$)
58.37M
Funded 2022
Afghanistan

Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Afghanistan was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Mine Action (MA) Area of Responsibility (AoR) and a Housing, Land, and Property Task Force (HLP TF). The Protection Cluster is lead by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).

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Protection Cluster Team

Matho Nianga Dore

Cluster Coordinator
UNHCR
Phone Number: +41227397500
Mail: doren@unhcr.org

Archuthan Amir

Co-Coordinator
NRC
Mail: archuthan.amir@nrc.no

Ally Hamud Said

Information Management Officer
UNHCR
Phone Number: +255782918191
Mail: saidal@unhcr.org

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