Protection risks and needs in Gaza continue to be driven by a protracted protection crisis that leave many Palestinians struggling to live their life in dignity. The crisis is characterized by more than 55 years of Israeli military occupation, a military blockade of Gaza since 2008 affecting all aspects of life. It is also marked by violations of international law (IL) and lack of accountability by both Israel and Gaza de facto authorities, unresolved internal Palestinian political divisions and recurrent hostilities between Israel and Palestinian armed groups. Notably, there have been four major escalations in 14 years as well as the Great March of Return 2018-19 – a series of weekly demonstrations at the Gaza-Israel fence that led to the death and injury of thousands of Palestinians.
The priority protection risks include:
- General protection and human rights concerns
- Internal displacement
- Psychosocial distress and deterioration in mental health
- Child protection threats and grave violations against children
- Specific protection risks for women and girls
- Explosive remnants of War